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Definition Of Terms

GOD God is the principal or sole deity in religions and other belief systems that worship one deity.
JESUS Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Jesus Christ (Christ means "the anointed"), is the central figure of Christianity and is revered by most Christian churches as the Son of God and the incarnation of God. Islam considers Jesus a prophet. Born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth, his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity .
HOLY SPIRIT In mainstream Christianity, the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost is one of the three entities of the Holy Trinity which make up the single substance of God; that is, the Spirit is considered to act in concert with and share an essential nature with God the Father and God the Son (Jesus Christ).
WORD OF GOD The unaltered early versions of the bible is considered to be the inspired word of God by Bible Christians.
ANGELS An Angel is a transcendental being found in many religions, created directly by God prior to the creation of the universe.
Other Terms  
Abomination Abomination (from Latin abominare, "to deprecate as an ill omen") is an English term used to translate the Biblical Hebrew terms shiqquwts ("shiqqûts") and sheqets, which are derived from shâqats, or the terms תֹּועֵבָה, tōʻēḇā or to'e'va (noun) or ta'ev (verb). An abomination in English is that which is exceptionally loathsome, hateful, sinful, wicked, or vile.
Abrahamic Religions Abrahamic religions are monotheistic faiths that recognise a spiritual tradition identified with Abraham (of the Book of Genesis). The term refers to Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Jews, Christians, and Muslims consider him father of the people of Israel. Muslims believe, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael (born to him by his wife's servant, Hagar).
Abu Hurairah Abu Hurairah (Arabic: أبوهريرة‎), (also known as `Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi (Arabic: عبدالرحمن بن صخر الأذدي‎), Abu Hurayrah, or Abu Horaira) (603 – 681) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Adam Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם‎, Arabic: آدم‎) is a prominent figure in Abrahamic Religions. He is the first man created by God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He appears in the Hebrew Bible, in the New Testament, and in the Qur'an.
Adamic language The Adamic language is, according to Abrahamic traditions, the language spoken by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. Adamic is typically identified with either the language used by God to address Adam, or the language invented by Adam (Book of Genesis 2:19).
Agnosticism Agnosticism is the philosophical view that metaphysical claims regarding theology, afterlife or the existence of deities, ghosts, or ultimate reality, is unknown or, depending on the form of agnosticism, inherently impossible to prove or disprove.
Apocalypse Apocalypse (Greek: Ἀποκάλυψις Apokálypsis; "lifting of the veil" or "revelation") is a disclosure of something hidden from the majority of mankind in an era dominated by falsehood and misconception.
Apologetics The term apologetics etymologically derives from the Classical Greek word apologia. In the Classical Greek legal system two key technical terms were employed: the prosecution delivered the kategoria (κατηγορία), and the defendant replied with an apologia. To deliver an apologia then meant making a formal speech or giving an explanation to reply and rebut the charges. Early Christian writers (c 120-220) who defended their faith against critics and recommended their faith to outsiders were called apologists.
Apostasy Apostasy (/əˈpɒstəsi/; Greek:ἀποστασία (apostasia), 'a defection or revolt', from ἀπό, apo, 'away, apart', στάσις, stasis, 'stand, 'standing') is the formal disaffiliation from or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person. One who commits apostasy (or who apostatises) is known as an apostate.
Apostle The term apostle is derived from Classical Greek ἀπόστολος (apóstolos), meaning "one who is sent away", from στέλλω ("stello", "send") + από (apo, "away from"). The literal meaning in English is therefore an "emissary", from the Latin mitto ("send") and ex ("from"). The purpose of such "sending away" (not strictly "forth" which implies "forward", πρό (pró in Greek), and pro in Latin) is to convey messages. Thus "a messenger" is a common alternative translation, but distinguished from Greek: ἄγγελος ("angel" or "messenger").
Apostolic Fathers The Apostolic Fathers are a small number of Early Christian authors who lived and wrote in the second half of the first century and the first half of the second century. They are acknowledged as leaders in the early church, although their writings were not included in the New Testament. They include Pope Clement I of Rome, Bishop Ignatius of Antioch, and Bishop Polycarp of Smyrna.
Archangel Archangels are superior or higher-ranking angels. The only archangel ever named as being of the order of archangels in the Bible is Michael. Barachiel, Gabriel, Jegudiel, Raphael, Selaphiel and Uriel are considered to be archangels also. According to Rabbi Simeon ben Lakish of Tiberias (230–270 AD), all the names for the angels were brought from Babylon by the Jews.
Arel An Arel (Erelin [plural]), are a rank of angels in Jewish and Christian mythology. Considered to be the third rank of angels below God.
Armilus Armilus (Hebrew: ארמילוס) is an anti-Messiah figure in medieval Jewish eschatology, comparable to medieval interpretations of the Christian Antichrist and Muslim Dajjal, who will conquer Jerusalem and persecute the Jews until his final defeat at the hands of God or the true Messiah. His inevitable destruction symbolizes the ultimate victory of good over evil in the Messianic age.
Bible The Bible refers to one of two closely related religious texts central to Judaism and Christianity, the Hebrew or Christian sacred scriptures. The Hebrew Bible, composed between the 14th and 5th centuries BCE, is the main source for the history of ancient Israel. The five books of the Torah comprise the origins of the Israelite nation and its covenant with God. Judaism recognizes a single set of canonical books known as the Tanakh, also called Hebrew Bible, traditionally divided into three parts: the Torah ("teaching" or "law"), the Nevi'im ("prophets"), and the Ketuvim ("writings"). The Bible as used by Christians adopted the Jewish, or Hebrew Bible into its canon, classifying it as the "Old Testament". Soon after the establishment of Christianity in the first century, Church fathers compiled Gospel accounts, and letters of apostles into a Christian Bible, in addition to the adopted Jewish Bible. This became known as the New Testament. The two together are referred to as "The Bible" by Christians.
Bible Christian A Bible Christian believes in God, Jesus, the word of God, the Holy Spirit, Angels, and that all churches fall short. Bible Christians believe that the only true church is a connection from God to man (or woman).
Bid‘ah Bid‘ah (Arabic: بدعة‎) is any type of innovation in Islam. Bid`ah within the religion is seen as a sin.
Blasphemy Blasphemy is irreverence toward holy personages, religious artifacts, customs, and beliefs. The Abrahamic religions condemn blasphemy vehemently. Christian theology condemns blasphemy. One verse from the Bible that directly concerns the sin reads, "Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain." (Exodus 20:7). Judaism states in the third book of the Torah, that those who speak blasphemy "shall surely be put to death" (Leviticus 24:16). Blasphemy in Islam is irreverent behavior toward holy personages, religious artifacts, customs, and beliefs that Muslims respect. The penalties for such behavior vary by jurisdiction, and can include fines, imprisonment, flogging, amputation or beheading.
Catho-satanic The Catholic Church; member(s) thereof.
Cherub Cherub (Cherubim [Plural]) are second highest rank in the angelic hierarchy. Referred in the book of Genesis (Gen. 3:24) as the angels who guarded the east side of the Garden of Eden with "a flaming sword which turned every way".
Christian A Christian is a person who, follows Christ's teachings.
Cult A religious group that is destructive and dangerous to their members.
Demon In religion and mythology, occultism and folklore, a demon (or daemon, daimon; from Greek δαίμων daimôn) is a supernatural being that is generally described as a malevolent spirit. In Christian demonology, a demon is considered an "unclean spirit" which may cause demonic possession.
Didache The Didache (Koine Greek: Διδαχή) or The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (Didache means "Teaching") is a brief early Christian treatise, dated by most scholars to the late first or early 2nd century.
Doxology A doxology (from the Greek δόξα [doxa] "glory" + -λογία [-logia], "saying") is a short hymn of praises to God in various Christian worship services.
Ēostre The modern english term Easter is the direct continuation of "Old English" Ēastre. The name refers to the Anglo-Saxon Goddess named Ēostre, who was celebrated at the Spring equinox. Easter is not mentioned in the Bible, and has nothing to do with the Jewish holiday Passover (Hebrew, Yiddish: פֶּסַח) or the resurrection of Jesus. Ēostre is considered a Pagan Goddess by Bible Christians.
Entheogen An entheogen ("creates god within," en εν- "in, within," theo θεος- "god, divine," -gen γενος "creates, generates"), in the strict sense, is a psychoactive substance used in a religious, shamanic or spiritual context. Historically, entheogens were mostly derived from plant sources and have been used in a variety of traditional religious contexts. Most entheogens do not produce drug dependency.
Eschatology Eschatology (Greek ἔσχατος, Eschatos meaning "last" and - logy meaning "the study of") is a part of theology and philosophy concerned with what are believed to be the final events in history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity, commonly referred to as the end of the world.
Gabriel (Archangel) In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (Hebrew: גַּבְרִיאֵל, Arabic: جبريل) is an angel who serves as a messenger from God. Based on two passages in the Gospel of Luke, many Christians and Muslims believe Gabriel to have foretold the births of both John the Baptist and Jesus.
Gematria Gematria or gimatria (Hebrew: גימטריה‎, gēmaṭriyā) is a system of assigning numerical value to a word or phrase, in the belief that words or phrases with identical numerical values bear some relation to each other, or bear some relation to the number itself as it may apply to a person's age, the calendar year, or the like. The word "gematria" is generally held to derive from Greek geōmetriā, "geometry", which was used a translation of gēmaṭriyā, though some scholars believe it to derive from Greek grammateia, it's possible that both words had an influence on the formation of the Hebrew word. It has been extant in English since the 17th century from translations of works by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Although ostensibly derived from Greek, it is largely used in Jewish texts, notably in those associated with the Kabbalah.
Gentile A member of a clan or tribe other than Israelite or Jewish.
Gheber Offspring of Satan; a worshiper of fire; a Zoroastrian; a Parsee.
Hell Isolation from God.
Heterodoxy Heterodoxy in a religious sense means "any opinions or doctrines at variance with an official or orthodox position". Under this definition, heterodoxy is similar to unorthodoxy, while the adjective "heterodox" could be applied to a dissident.
Holy Lance The lance is only mentioned in the Gospel of John (John 19:31–37). To make sure Jesus was dead, a soldier stabbed him in the side with a roman lance. "… but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a lance, and immediately there came out blood and water." (John 19:34).
Holy Spirit Holy Spirit is a term found in English translations of the Bible, but understood differently among the Abrahamic religions. For the majority of Christians, the belief in the Holy Trinity implies the existence of three distinct Holy Persons: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit being One Eternal Triune God. This doctrine and designation, however, are not shared by all Christian denominations, or the other Abrahamic religions.
Human Humans are desendants of apes (DOTA). Over 6% of the genes between man and apes are unique to either man or ape, they are not shared.
Incarnate Incarnation which literally means embodied in flesh or taking on flesh, refers to the conception and birth of a sentient creature (generally a man, human or animal) who is the material manifestation of an entity, god or force whose original nature is immaterial.
Islam Islam (Arabic: الإسلام) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Kashrut Relates to Jewish dietary laws. (English: Kosher) (Hebrew: כָּשֵׁר;). Kosher means "fit to eat", and only certain animals, preparations, and storage techniques' are allowed.
Lo tirzach The sixth commandment is "lo tirzach". It literally means "do not murder". There is no commandment not to kill, other than altered Bibles.
Lucifer One of the Angels, mentioned in the Bible. The Fallen Angel.
Mammon Mammon (Greek: μαμμωνάς), in the New Testament of the Bible, is material wealth or greed, most often personified as a deity, and sometimes included in the seven princes of Hell ([Peter Binsfeld prepared a classification of demons in 1589] Lucifer: pride, Mammon: greed, Asmodeus: lust, Leviathan: envy, Beelzebub: gluttony, Satan: wrath, Belphegor: sloth.).
Man Man (and woman) are descendants of Adam and Eve. When Cain (first born of Adam and Eve) went out from the Lord's presence (in the garden of Eden), he lived in the land of Nod with the humans.
Martyr A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is somebody who suffers persecution and death for refusing to renounce, or accept, a belief or cause, usually religious. In its original meaning, the word martyr, meaning witness, was used in the secular sphere as well as in the New Testament of the Bible. The process of bearing witness was not intended to lead to the death of the witness, although witnesses often died for their testimonies.
Matrix Matrix is the passageway for a soul to come to this dimension from God via the rechem (rekh'-em - Hebrew: רָ֫חֶם - the womb). Exodus 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.
Monotheism Belief in one God.
Muhammad Muhammad is the central human figure of the religion of Islam and is regarded by Muslims as the messenger and prophet of God (Arabic: الله‎; Allāh).
Orthodoxy Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία, orthodoxia – "correct belief", "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted norms, more specifically to creeds, especially in religion. In the Christian sense the term means "conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church". The first seven Ecumenical Councils were held between the years 325 and 787 with the aim of formalizing accepted doctrines.
Paraclete Paraclete (Gr. παράκλητος, lat. paracletus) meaning advocate or helper most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit. Paraclete appears in the New Testament in the Gospel of John (14:16, 14:26, 15:26, 16:7) where it may be translated in English as "counselor", "helper", or "comforter". The early church identified the paraclete as the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:5,1:8,2:4,2:38) and Christians continue to use Paraclete as a title for the Spirit of God. Muslim apologists have argued that the paraclete, the "other counselor" (the first being Jesus) refers to the Prophet Muhammad.
Paul (Apostle) Paul of Tarsus, (Hebrew: שאול התרסי‎ Šaʾul HaTarsi (Saul of Tarsus) (circa 5 BC - 67 AD), was a Jew who called himself the "Apostle to the Gentiles". According to the Acts of the Apostles, his conversion to Christianity took place in a profound life-changing experience on the road to Damascus. Also known as Saint Paul, Paul the Apostle, or the Apostle Paul.
Pagan A follower of Asatru, Wiccan, or Druidism.
Parsee A member of a Zoroastrian religious sect.
Polyglot (book) A polyglot (also spelled polyglott) is a book that contains side-by-side versions of the same text in several different languages. Some editions of the Bible or its parts are polyglots, in which the Hebrew and Greek originals are exhibited along with historical translations.
Polymath A polymath is a person whose knowledge is not restricted to one subject area. Renaissance Man and Homo Universalis are terms meaning polymath. Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest polymaths, as was Ibn al-Haytham.
Polytheism Belief in multiple gods.
Protevangelium In Christian theology, the Protevangelium is God's statement to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden about the future relationship between the Serpent and Eve's descendants as having a prophetic and Messianic fulfilment. "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." (Genesis 3:15, KJV).
Qur’an Qur’an (pronounced [qurˈʔaːn]; Arabic: القرآن‎ al-qur’ān, literally “the recitation”) is the central religious verbal text of Islam. Muslims believe the Qur’an to be the verbal book of divine guidance and direction for mankind, and consider the original Arabic verbal text to be the final revelation of God.
Sabbath Saturday: " And said God let there be light, and the light is made." ("dixitque Deus fiat lux et facta est lux."). The light was the sun (Sunday), six days later is the sabbath.
Sanhedrin The Sanhedrin (Hebrew: סַנְהֶדְרִין‎; Greek: συνέδριον, synedrion, "sitting together," hence "assembly" or "council") was an assembly of twenty-three judges appointed in every city in the Land of Israel. The Great Sanhedrin was the supreme court of ancient Israel.
Scientific Method Scientific method is techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. Ibn al-Haytham, was one of the key figures in developing scientific method.
Seraphim A seraph (Heb. שׂרף, pl. שׂרפים Seraphim, lat. seraph[us], pl. seraphi[m]) is one of a class of celestial beings mentioned once in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh or Old Testament), in Isaiah. Later Jewish imagery perceived them as having human form, and in that way they passed into the ranks of Christian angels. In the Christian angelic hierarchy, seraphim represent the highest rank of angels.
Theology Theology is the study of a god or the gods from a religious perspective.
Theophory Theophory is the practice of embedding the name of a god or a deity in, a proper name.
Tikkun olam Tikkun olam (Hebrew: תיקון עולם or תקון עולם) is a Hebrew phrase that means "repairing the world" (or "healing the world") which suggests humanity's shared responsibility to heal, repair and transform the world. In Judaism, the concept of tikkun olam originated in the early rabbinic period. The concept was given new meanings in the kabbalah of the medieval period and has come to possess further connotations in modern Judaism.
Tithe A tithe (from Old English teogoþa "tenth") is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a (usually) voluntary contribution or as a tax or levy, paid as a contribution to the Church as a part of Christian stewardship. (See Also: Zakāh)
Torah (Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "teaching" or "instruction", sometimes translated as "law"), refers to the Five Books of Moses (or Pentateuch) or to Judaism's founding legal and ethical religious texts.
Transcendental In religion, transcendence is a condition or state of being that surpasses physical existence, and in one form is also independent of it.
Tree Of Knowledge In the Book of Genesis, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil or the tree of knowledge (and occasionally translated as the tree of conscience, (Hebrew: עֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע, Etz haDaat tov V'ra) was a tree in the middle of the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:9) from which God directly forbade Adam to eat (Genesis 2:17).
Tree Of Life The tree of life (Hebrew: עץ החיים Etz haChayim) in the Book of Genesis is a tree planted by God in midst of the Garden of Eden (Paradise), whose fruit gives everlasting life, i.e. immortality. Together with the tree of life, God planted the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2:9).
Twelve Apostles Peter: Renamed by Jesus, his original name was Simon (Mark 3:16), was a fisherman from the Bethsaida of Galilee (John 1:44, cf. John 12:21). Also known as Simon Peter.
James, son of Zebedee: The brother of John.
John: The brother of James. Jesus named both of them Bo-aner'ges, which means "sons of thunder" (Mark 3:17).
Andrew: The brother of Simon Peter, a Bethsaida fisherman, and a former disciple of John the Baptist.
Philip: From the Bethsaida of Galilee (John 1:44, John 12:21).
Bartholomew, son of Talemai: He may have been the person known as Nathanael (John 1:45-51).
Matthew: The tax collector. Matthew was also known as Levi.
Thomas: Also known as Judas Thomas Didymus.
James, son of Alphaeus: Also known as James the Just.
Thaddeus: In some manuscripts of Matthew, the name "Lebbaeus" occurs instead.
Simon the Zealot: Simeon of Jerusalem.
Judas Iscariot: The disciple who later betrayed Jesus. (Mark 3:19). Also referred to as "Judas, the son of Simon" (John 6:71 and John 13:26). After Judas had betrayed Jesus, the remaining Apostles under the leadership of Simon Peter, elected by lot Matthias (a companion of theirs ever since they had followed Jesus), shortly after Jesus' resurrection. At the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost they numbered twelve.
Zakāh Zakāh (Arabic: زكاة‎) one of the "Five Pillars of Islam", is the giving of a small percentage of one's possessions to poor and needy Muslims.
Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism is the religion based on the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster. Belief there is one universal and transcendental god, Ahura Mazda.


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